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Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. Often in Latin this is represented with different bits of grammar, like the placement of verbs and nouns. Latin also uses chiasmus with adjective-noun combinations. With chiasmus, what's fair is foul and foul is fair.
culture figures of speech
The English word mile comes from Latin. We think the mile is an arbitrary length that has nothing in common with a kilometer, but its decimal origins are clear when you know the etymology.
The Romans might not have Etruscan origins, but their word for people, populus, may. This public and published (for the common people) video explores the etymology of this word to its fullest extent.
The simile is a comparison between two things which is introduced by the words "like" or "as", or in Latin, qualis, ut, velut, or tamquam. The word "simile" itself comes from the Latin word similis, which means similar. This video discusses what similes are and provides examples from Latin literature.
culture figures of speech
Every year on the Ides of October, the 15th, the Romans performed a very strange religious ritual. Chariot races, sacrifice, Mars, neighborhood competitions - it's very weird and not very well understood. Could there be connections to Troy?
Just a week ago, I released a tool that helps you focus on core Latin vocabulary, the most common words that show up in Latin. I'm happy to announce a update to the tool that gives a user rating (a time independent measure), item analysis, and correct answers. Enjoy!
Core vocabulary are the most important words of a language. If you master these, you'll be able to read upwards of 70% of all words in a Latin work. In this video, I talk about a tool that I created to measure your understanding of Latin's core words. There's both practice and a competitive quiz feature.
Conditions are if-then statements, and Latin has a very concrete set of regular conditions, both those that are likely to happen (using the indicative mood) and those that are more of a hypothetical nature (using the subjunctive mood). This video explores the six major real and unreal conditions.
The Roman emperor Nero was famous for many depraved deeds, and he also had a high opinion of himself. So naturally, the final words of his own life reflected his narcissistic and dramatic nature.
When you look in a Latin dictionary, you'll find just a handful of words that begin with the letter K. Why is this? The answer lies in old Latin, Etruscan, and the origins of the alphabet in Greece.