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Conditions are if-then statements, and Latin has a very concrete set of regular conditions, both those that are likely to happen (using the indicative mood) and those that are more of a hypothetical nature (using the subjunctive mood). This video explores the six major real and unreal conditions.
The Roman emperor Nero was famous for many depraved deeds, and he also had a high opinion of himself. So naturally, the final words of his own life reflected his narcissistic and dramatic nature.
When you look in a Latin dictionary, you'll find just a handful of words that begin with the letter K. Why is this? The answer lies in old Latin, Etruscan, and the origins of the alphabet in Greece.
We might take it for granted that writing should go from left to right. Some languages like Hebrew or Arabic go right to left. But what about a combination of the two? That's where the boustrophedon comes in, something the Greeks and Romans experimented with in the beginning of their written languages.
One of the bits of Latin pronunciation that tends to get my own students is the consonantal i. This video intends to give tips on how to recognize when i is a consonant or a vowel.
Aeneas has provided for his men by getting them food and wine, but the Trojans need something else: a rousing speech that reminds them of the difficulties of the past while promising them the glory of the future. But does Aeneas truly believe what he's saying? Or does he just feel the weight of leading?
Safe in Africa, Aeneas decides to search for his men. Failing to see them, he does catch sight of three stags, and goes deer hunting. Aeneas provides meat for his men and begins to calm their sorrows with words.
After the storm, Aeneas and his seven ships finally arrive at a safe harbor in Africa. This section has our first ekphrasis as Vergil describes the geography of the place in vivid detail.
Neptune arrives onto the scene of the storm and quells the turbid waters. He does this much like an orator calms an angry mob. A pious orator, and a mob fueled by rage.
Neptune arrives on the scene of the storm and sees the wreckage of Aeneas' fleet. He summons the winds and rebukes them for daring to overturn the seas and Neptune's power. Then he sends the winds back to Aeolus, promising a much greater punishment.