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Juno addresses Aeolus and commands him to stir up a storm to overwhelm the Trojans on the Tyrrhenian Sea, just west of Italy. Aeolus owes a lot to Juno, and thus will do her bidding.
The storm arrives and destroys much of the Trojan fleet. Many of Aeneas' ships are lost, driven either into sand bars and reefs, or sucked into a devouring whirlpool. Vergil uses a lot of metrical effects to emphasize the devastating nature of this storm.
Juno visit Aeolus, the ruler of the winds and king of a floating island in the Mediterranean. Her goal: to drive Aeneas far away from Italy and his fate. If only she could.
Neptune arrives on the scene of the storm and sees the wreckage of Aeneas' fleet. He summons the winds and rebukes them for daring to overturn the seas and Neptune's power. Then he sends the winds back to Aeolus, promising a much greater punishment.
Hexameter.co, a website created to help students, teachers, and lovers of ancient poetry practice their understanding of poetic meter. I created this website about a year ago, and it has seen hundreds of thousands of user attempts. Does it work? I think it does, and I think my data backs me up. Visit hexameter.co and see for yourself!
There's more to Juno's disgust of Aeneas and the Trojans than just the fate of Carthage, her beloved city. There's the judgment of Paris, the fact that one of the founders of the Trojans is an illegitimate son of Jupiter, among other reasons. It's going to be very hard for Aeneas to found the Roman race!
As the Trojans sail north from Sicily, Juno has other intentions. But first, a monologue as Juno unfolds the unfair treatment given to Minerva, who was able to kill a whole lot of Greeks all because of the crime of one man, Lesser Ajax. But Juno herself can't kill Aeneas? What kind of divinity is she?
The storm arrives with the clashing of winds, and huge waves are driven to the shore. We also get our first appearance of Aeneas, our hero. He wishes for death and reminisces on the glories of the Trojan War and the past.
This is a short video with a two more examples from Caesar's Gallic War of how Latin uses et, atque, and -que to describe differing levels of conjunction. Please check out my earlier video on these conjunctions for a more thorough explanation of this topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5qLUkb4Ctw
Ancient Rome didn't have a part of its government devoted to collecting taxes. In fact, Rome didn't have much of a government at all under the Caesars. So how could the public be exploited through taxes? Enter the publicani, equestrians with tax collecting contracts.