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Hexameter.co is my site devoted to helping scholars of the classics learn and practice how to scan ancient epic poetry. Lots of people have already signed up for this service, which is free and awesome. I have something new to announce. Watch this video to see how the site has grown in the past three years!
Language is messy, and the fact that there is more to talk about with third declension i-stems is evidence of that fact. What if I told you that there were words that *looked* like i-stems, but only had half the forms? Or that (again) *looked* like i-stems, but were actually not i-stems at all? This video covers the rest of what we need to worry about with this interesting part of the third declension.
nouns third declension
The first simile in the Aeneid compares Neptune as he quells the seas to an orator calming an angry mob. This simile is very important in establishing the struggle between rage, furor, and piety, pietas. For more on Vergil's Aeneid, check out http://www.aeneid.co
The English word mile comes from Latin. We think the mile is an arbitrary length that has nothing in common with a kilometer, but its decimal origins are clear when you know the etymology.
Hannibal always remained an enemy of the Roman people, even after his defeat at Zama by Scipio Africanus. But when he offered his help to Antiochus III in Syria, he also brought with him his sly wit.
The Romans had many different ways to find out the future. Both the augurium and the auspicium divined the future by looking at the flights of birds. What do these words mean, and where do they come from?
The third declension is a little bit more varied than many choose to admit. Along with the standard endings (which belong to the consonantal stems of the third declension) are those that are used with third declension words ending in an -i in their stem. These are the third declension i-stems, and they aren't *that* different from the third declension consonantal stems.
nouns third declension
Juno addresses Aeolus and commands him to stir up a storm to overwhelm the Trojans on the Tyrrhenian Sea, just west of Italy. Aeolus owes a lot to Juno, and thus will do her bidding.
After the storm, Aeneas and his seven ships finally arrive at a safe harbor in Africa. This section has our first ekphrasis as Vergil describes the geography of the place in vivid detail.
The storm arrives and destroys much of the Trojan fleet. Many of Aeneas' ships are lost, driven either into sand bars and reefs, or sucked into a devouring whirlpool. Vergil uses a lot of metrical effects to emphasize the devastating nature of this storm.