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Neptune arrives on the scene of the storm and sees the wreckage of Aeneas' fleet. He summons the winds and rebukes them for daring to overturn the seas and Neptune's power. Then he sends the winds back to Aeolus, promising a much greater punishment.
Juno visit Aeolus, the ruler of the winds and king of a floating island in the Mediterranean. Her goal: to drive Aeneas far away from Italy and his fate. If only she could.
Language is messy, and the fact that there is more to talk about with third declension i-stems is evidence of that fact. What if I told you that there were words that *looked* like i-stems, but only had half the forms? Or that (again) *looked* like i-stems, but were actually not i-stems at all? This video covers the rest of what we need to worry about with this interesting part of the third declension.
nouns third declension
Just a week ago, I released a tool that helps you focus on core Latin vocabulary, the most common words that show up in Latin. I'm happy to announce a update to the tool that gives a user rating (a time independent measure), item analysis, and correct answers. Enjoy!
The Latin word secundus means "second" (obviously), but it also has meanings that go more in hand with "favorable" or "willing". How did these disparate meanings come about?
Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. Often in Latin this is represented with different bits of grammar, like the placement of verbs and nouns. Latin also uses chiasmus with adjective-noun combinations. With chiasmus, what's fair is foul and foul is fair.
culture figures of speech
As the Trojans sail north from Sicily, Juno has other intentions. But first, a monologue as Juno unfolds the unfair treatment given to Minerva, who was able to kill a whole lot of Greeks all because of the crime of one man, Lesser Ajax. But Juno herself can't kill Aeneas? What kind of divinity is she?
There's more to Juno's disgust of Aeneas and the Trojans than just the fate of Carthage, her beloved city. There's the judgment of Paris, the fact that one of the founders of the Trojans is an illegitimate son of Jupiter, among other reasons. It's going to be very hard for Aeneas to found the Roman race!
This is a short video with a two more examples from Caesar's Gallic War of how Latin uses et, atque, and -que to describe differing levels of conjunction. Please check out my earlier video on these conjunctions for a more thorough explanation of this topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5qLUkb4Ctw
The storm arrives with the clashing of winds, and huge waves are driven to the shore. We also get our first appearance of Aeneas, our hero. He wishes for death and reminisces on the glories of the Trojan War and the past.