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We save maybe the most basic rule of them all for lucky number 13 - the noun that controls the verb (also known as the subject) is put in the nominative case. Learn more about the basic use of the nominative here!
91 rules of grammar cases nouns
In the last video, we covered yes or no questions. This video adds on to that just a little bit, with expectation. Nōnne is used for questions that expect a "yes" answer, while num is used for those that expect a "no" answer.
91 rules of grammar
Adverbs in Latin and English do more than just modify verbs (although that is where you will see them mostly). An adverb can also modify adjectives and even other adverbs. I'll show you how in this video.
91 rules of grammar adjectives verbs
Synchysis (Synchesis, Synchisis) is the disarrangement of words, often in A-B-A-B order. Latin can do this because cases matter far more than word order. Synchysis is similar to chiasmus (A-B-B-A order), and often the two are confused on tests. Oh, and never underestimate the power of the Golden Line.
figures of speech
Juno has aroused another storm and Dido and Aeneas, who are out on their hunt, find themselves in the same cave. Juno serves as bridesmaid to this primal wedding, with Earth and Sky witnesses and nymphs singing the wedding hymn. Check out http://www.aeneid.co for more videos and help on reading the Aeneid!
The word septentriones is an interesting Latin word for "the north". Caesar often uses this word. It's origins are unclear, and we learn from Varro that it relates to the seven stars of the Big Dipper, which the Romans referred to as the Seven Oxen.
The genitive of possession is not used with personal pronouns. That is, you would never describe something like this, "the house of me" (domus meī). Instead to show possession, we use the possessive adjective. So "my house" (domus mea).
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
Forming a yes or no question in Latin can be relatively simple. You add the enclitic interrogative particle -ne to the end of the first or most important word in the sentence. It's not like English where word order determines everything (does it? It does!).
91 rules of grammar
I do more than post videos. This video looks at a website in my suite of digital offerings at aeneid.co. This helps you read Vergil's Aeneid in the original Latin with videos, strong vocabulary tools, and more. The entire AP Latin and GCSE Latin syllabi are covered with videos. And, until the end of August, 2018, use coupon code AENEID2018 and get 20% off your subscription.
Even though "river" looks similar to "rival", they are both derived from different Latin words. And those ultimate Latin words are actually unrelated. This short video looks at the origins of these English words.