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Even though "river" looks similar to "rival", they are both derived from different Latin words. And those ultimate Latin words are actually unrelated. This short video looks at the origins of these English words.
The third rule of Latin grammar is that some adjectives describe just part of their noun. These adjectives are primarily superlatives, like summus or ultimus, but also include medius, ceterus, and reliquus. It's best to translate them with "of" or "part of".
91 rules of grammar adjectives
After the storm, Aeneas and his seven ships finally arrive at a safe harbor in Africa. This section has our first ekphrasis as Vergil describes the geography of the place in vivid detail.
Hexameter.co, a website created to help students, teachers, and lovers of ancient poetry practice their understanding of poetic meter. I created this website about a year ago, and it has seen hundreds of thousands of user attempts. Does it work? I think it does, and I think my data backs me up. Visit hexameter.co and see for yourself!
Safe in Africa, Aeneas decides to search for his men. Failing to see them, he does catch sight of three stags, and goes deer hunting. Aeneas provides meat for his men and begins to calm their sorrows with words.
The third person pronoun suī, sibi, sē, sē is used only when we are referring to the (third person) subject. And related to this pronoun is the possessive adjective suus, -a, -um, which likewise refers back to the (third person) subject.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
The English word mile comes from Latin. We think the mile is an arbitrary length that has nothing in common with a kilometer, but its decimal origins are clear when you know the etymology.
Juno addresses Aeolus and commands him to stir up a storm to overwhelm the Trojans on the Tyrrhenian Sea, just west of Italy. Aeolus owes a lot to Juno, and thus will do her bidding.
Neptune arrives on the scene of the storm and sees the wreckage of Aeneas' fleet. He summons the winds and rebukes them for daring to overturn the seas and Neptune's power. Then he sends the winds back to Aeolus, promising a much greater punishment.
Juno has aroused another storm and Dido and Aeneas, who are out on their hunt, find themselves in the same cave. Juno serves as bridesmaid to this primal wedding, with Earth and Sky witnesses and nymphs singing the wedding hymn. Check out http://www.aeneid.co for more videos and help on reading the Aeneid!