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The word barbarian was coined by the Greeks to cover all people who didn't speak Greek, even though you may think it refers to cities, laws, or even a particular preference for drink. The thing is, the Greeks even felt that the Latin speaking Romans were barbarians. That is, until they were conquered by them.
Runaway slaves, when captured, were branded with a FUG for fugitivus. But they were also referred to with the colorful term cervus, which means "deer". This brings with it a whole slew of connections, including that with the goddess Diana and the rex Nemorensis.
The Romans had many different ways to find out the future. Both the augurium and the auspicium divined the future by looking at the flights of birds. What do these words mean, and where do they come from?
Augustus may have left the urbane city of Rome made of marble, but he had a very folksy way of speaking. This new minutiae explores two different sayings by Rome's first emperor on the theme of ... vegetables.
The personal pronouns nos and vos have two different genitive plurals. Huh, that's interesting. This video covers when to use nostri/vestri and when to use nostrum/vestrum. It's not as complicated as it looks, but it helps to know your uses of the genitive.
91 rules of grammar nouns
What's new on this channel for this year? More videos, more updates at hexameter.co and aeneid.co. And, at least for this video, a talking Colosseum.
There is a set of adjectives in the first and second declension that doesn't quite follow the standard set of rules. We call these pronominal adjectives, because they function more like pronouns than describers. But you can refer to them as the Naughty Nine, or with the mnemonic UNUS NAUTA.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
The third person pronoun suī, sibi, sē, sē is used only when we are referring to the (third person) subject. And related to this pronoun is the possessive adjective suus, -a, -um, which likewise refers back to the (third person) subject.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
As the Trojans sail north from Sicily, Juno has other intentions. But first, a monologue as Juno unfolds the unfair treatment given to Minerva, who was able to kill a whole lot of Greeks all because of the crime of one man, Lesser Ajax. But Juno herself can't kill Aeneas? What kind of divinity is she?
There's more to Juno's disgust of Aeneas and the Trojans than just the fate of Carthage, her beloved city. There's the judgment of Paris, the fact that one of the founders of the Trojans is an illegitimate son of Jupiter, among other reasons. It's going to be very hard for Aeneas to found the Roman race!