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Caligula, the great-grandson of Augustus, was the third emperor of Rome. His name actually was Gaius, with Caligula being a nickname he hated later in life. In fact, hate was a common theme of his rule (37-41 AD).
Every year on the Ides of October, the 15th, the Romans performed a very strange religious ritual. Chariot races, sacrifice, Mars, neighborhood competitions - it's very weird and not very well understood. Could there be connections to Troy?
When you look in a Latin dictionary, you'll find just a handful of words that begin with the letter K. Why is this? The answer lies in old Latin, Etruscan, and the origins of the alphabet in Greece.
In order to punish or motivate poorly performing units (legions, cohorts), the Romans sometimes practiced decimation, which effectively wiped out 10% of their troops. But today, the root word behind decimation, decimus, tenth, is largely lost on English speakers.
In the first eighty lines of the Aeneid, we are introduced to our themes, the major conflict in the work, and briefly to our main hero. This video is the introduction to a set of seven videos that discuss this great work of literature in the original Latin. Be sure to click on the links at the end to be taken to the specific video of choice.
How much did teachers make in the ancient world? Since the Romans valued education, it had to have been more than the ancient sports figures, right?
Conditions are if-then statements, and Latin has a very concrete set of regular conditions, both those that are likely to happen (using the indicative mood) and those that are more of a hypothetical nature (using the subjunctive mood). This video explores the six major real and unreal conditions.
The demonstrative iste, ista, istud has a lot in common with its cousin ille, illa, illud: both mean "that", both are declined in an almost identical fashion. But iste carries with it a second person nature that sometimes can be negative. That brother of yours, that video of yours...
adjectives feminine masculine neuter nouns
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was the Roman hero of the Second Punic War, defeating Hannibal Barca at the battle of Zama in 202 BC. The Romans connected the name Scipio with words referring to lightning and ruling, since the Scipios were born rulers.
How do you remove the memory of a particularly bad emperor from the history books? Or what if your brother is just so annoying that you can't stand the sight of him anymore, and don't want to share power? You perform a damnatio memoriae, erase all inscriptions, destroy all public images, and pretend as if he never existed.