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The second rule of Latin grammar is that adjectives will agree with the nouns they describe in case, number, and gender. But this rule can lead to some interesting situations, and allows for great flexibility in Latin word order. From here comes some of the great beauty of poetry.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
The noun coniunx means spouse, and is used for both the male and female component of a marriage, although it’s more frequently used for wife than husband, and it’s perfectly acceptable to translate this as wife or husband, whichever one is best given the context. This video discusses the origin of the word.
Language is messy, and the fact that there is more to talk about with third declension i-stems is evidence of that fact. What if I told you that there were words that *looked* like i-stems, but only had half the forms? Or that (again) *looked* like i-stems, but were actually not i-stems at all? This video covers the rest of what we need to worry about with this interesting part of the third declension.
nouns third declension
Spelling the name of the poet of the Aeneid can be a little challenging at first. Is his name spelled with an e or an i? Or maybe both? And why would there be two different versions of his name? In this video, I touch on the reasons why Vergil's name became spelled with an i in place of the e.
One of the bits of Latin pronunciation that tends to get my own students is the consonantal i. This video intends to give tips on how to recognize when i is a consonant or a vowel.
The Roman emperor Nero was famous for many depraved deeds, and he also had a high opinion of himself. So naturally, the final words of his own life reflected his narcissistic and dramatic nature.
We come across an ancient city, and we first think that it might be Troy. But no, it's Carthage, Juno's favorite city. And in fact, we learn that it's the future destruction of Carthage by Rome that provides the impetus for Juno's hatred of Aeneas and the Trojans.
Julius Caesar is perhaps the most famous pontifex maximus in the history of Rome, although the emperors starting with Augustus also held the position. This title derives its name from the Latin words pons and facere. Literally, the pontifex built both actual bridges in Rome and metaphorical bridges between mankind and the gods.
The first rule of Latin grammar is that two nouns that refer to the same thing are going to be in the same case. This is called apposition, and it's commonly used with names and titles (like king). This video explores how Latin uses apposition.
91 rules of grammar nouns
Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. Often in Latin this is represented with different bits of grammar, like the placement of verbs and nouns. Latin also uses chiasmus with adjective-noun combinations. With chiasmus, what's fair is foul and foul is fair.
culture figures of speech