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Infinitives are a very pure form of the verb, and Latin uses the infinitive in many different ways, and tenses and voices. This video covers the present passive infinitive, the "to be ...ed" translation. I want this video to be watched and to be enjoyed!
In these lines of the Aeneid, Vergil invokes the muse to help him explain why Aeneas, a man of such great piety, would be forced to undergo so many trials and tribulations. We will see a reestablishment of the theme of rage. How does this compare with Homer's invocations of the muse in the Iliad and Odyssey?
Caligula, the great-grandson of Augustus, was the third emperor of Rome. His name actually was Gaius, with Caligula being a nickname he hated later in life. In fact, hate was a common theme of his rule (37-41 AD).
The simile is a comparison between two things which is introduced by the words "like" or "as", or in Latin, qualis, ut, velut, or tamquam. The word "simile" itself comes from the Latin word similis, which means similar. This video discusses what similes are and provides examples from Latin literature.
culture figures of speech
How much did teachers make in the ancient world? Since the Romans valued education, it had to have been more than the ancient sports figures, right?
In order to punish or motivate poorly performing units (legions, cohorts), the Romans sometimes practiced decimation, which effectively wiped out 10% of their troops. But today, the root word behind decimation, decimus, tenth, is largely lost on English speakers.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was the Roman hero of the Second Punic War, defeating Hannibal Barca at the battle of Zama in 202 BC. The Romans connected the name Scipio with words referring to lightning and ruling, since the Scipios were born rulers.
In the first eighty lines of the Aeneid, we are introduced to our themes, the major conflict in the work, and briefly to our main hero. This video is the introduction to a set of seven videos that discuss this great work of literature in the original Latin. Be sure to click on the links at the end to be taken to the specific video of choice.
The demonstrative iste, ista, istud has a lot in common with its cousin ille, illa, illud: both mean "that", both are declined in an almost identical fashion. But iste carries with it a second person nature that sometimes can be negative. That brother of yours, that video of yours...
adjectives feminine masculine neuter nouns
How do you remove the memory of a particularly bad emperor from the history books? Or what if your brother is just so annoying that you can't stand the sight of him anymore, and don't want to share power? You perform a damnatio memoriae, erase all inscriptions, destroy all public images, and pretend as if he never existed.