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Julius Caesar is perhaps the most famous pontifex maximus in the history of Rome, although the emperors starting with Augustus also held the position. This title derives its name from the Latin words pons and facere. Literally, the pontifex built both actual bridges in Rome and metaphorical bridges between mankind and the gods.
We might take it for granted that writing should go from left to right. Some languages like Hebrew or Arabic go right to left. But what about a combination of the two? That's where the boustrophedon comes in, something the Greeks and Romans experimented with in the beginning of their written languages.
The Roman emperor Nero was famous for many depraved deeds, and he also had a high opinion of himself. So naturally, the final words of his own life reflected his narcissistic and dramatic nature.
Infinitives are a very pure form of the verb, and Latin uses the infinitive in many different ways, and tenses and voices. This video covers the present passive infinitive, the "to be ...ed" translation. I want this video to be watched and to be enjoyed!
Spelling the name of the poet of the Aeneid can be a little challenging at first. Is his name spelled with an e or an i? Or maybe both? And why would there be two different versions of his name? In this video, I touch on the reasons why Vergil's name became spelled with an i in place of the e.
We come across an ancient city, and we first think that it might be Troy. But no, it's Carthage, Juno's favorite city. And in fact, we learn that it's the future destruction of Carthage by Rome that provides the impetus for Juno's hatred of Aeneas and the Trojans.
The noun coniunx means spouse, and is used for both the male and female component of a marriage, although it’s more frequently used for wife than husband, and it’s perfectly acceptable to translate this as wife or husband, whichever one is best given the context. This video discusses the origin of the word.
Classics is the study of the language, literature, arts, history, culture, et cetera, of ancient Greece and Rome. In this video, I look at the origins of the word "classics" and how something that relates to ships came to refer to a field of study.
A mappa is a piece of linen used at dinner parties and chariot races alike. In the middle ages, maps were written on linen, hence the modern English derivative of this word.
The simile is a comparison between two things which is introduced by the words "like" or "as", or in Latin, qualis, ut, velut, or tamquam. The word "simile" itself comes from the Latin word similis, which means similar. This video discusses what similes are and provides examples from Latin literature.
culture figures of speech