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Neptune arrives onto the scene of the storm and quells the turbid waters. He does this much like an orator calms an angry mob. A pious orator, and a mob fueled by rage.
The storm arrives with the clashing of winds, and huge waves are driven to the shore. We also get our first appearance of Aeneas, our hero. He wishes for death and reminisces on the glories of the Trojan War and the past.
Aeneas has provided for his men by getting them food and wine, but the Trojans need something else: a rousing speech that reminds them of the difficulties of the past while promising them the glory of the future. But does Aeneas truly believe what he's saying? Or does he just feel the weight of leading?
A litotes is a deliberate understatement. Or should I say, it is not an accidental overstatement. Often litotes will be seen as double negatives, like "not too shabby" or "not bad". In Latin we see this a lot with the word "non". But don't think that a litotes HAS to be a double negative. Robert Frost would suggest otherwise. I hope this video will suffice.
figures of speech
This is a short video with a two more examples from Caesar's Gallic War of how Latin uses et, atque, and -que to describe differing levels of conjunction. Please check out my earlier video on these conjunctions for a more thorough explanation of this topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5qLUkb4Ctw
There's more to Juno's disgust of Aeneas and the Trojans than just the fate of Carthage, her beloved city. There's the judgment of Paris, the fact that one of the founders of the Trojans is an illegitimate son of Jupiter, among other reasons. It's going to be very hard for Aeneas to found the Roman race!
As the Trojans sail north from Sicily, Juno has other intentions. But first, a monologue as Juno unfolds the unfair treatment given to Minerva, who was able to kill a whole lot of Greeks all because of the crime of one man, Lesser Ajax. But Juno herself can't kill Aeneas? What kind of divinity is she?
There is a set of adjectives in the first and second declension that doesn't quite follow the standard set of rules. We call these pronominal adjectives, because they function more like pronouns than describers. But you can refer to them as the Naughty Nine, or with the mnemonic UNUS NAUTA.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
What's new on this channel for this year? More videos, more updates at hexameter.co and aeneid.co. And, at least for this video, a talking Colosseum.
The third person pronoun suī, sibi, sē, sē is used only when we are referring to the (third person) subject. And related to this pronoun is the possessive adjective suus, -a, -um, which likewise refers back to the (third person) subject.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns