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The participle in Latin is exceptionally important, even more so than it is in English. This video reviews the four participles of a standard verb: the present active, perfect passive, future active, and future passive (the gerundive), along with discussing how deponent verbs form their four participles.
active voice adjectives participles passive voice verbs
The future is easy to understand, and a bit tricky to form, since it has a different approach for first and second conjugation verbs from those of the third and fourth. This video covers the basic formation and translation of verbs in the future tense in Latin.
active voice indicative mood verbs
The second declension is closely related to the first, just with a quick vowel change. This video covers the declension of second declension nouns, how they are translated, and other peculiar features of the o declension.
masculine nouns second declension
The Romans gave themselves three names, although their names are a bit different from our typical three names. This video covers the basics of the praenomen, nomen, and cognomen.
Adjectives are always bothersome. We know they describe nouns, but in Latin they take the same case, number, and gender as the noun they modify. This can be easy if the nouns is of the same declension, but a bit more tricky if we cross declensions, where a 1st/2nd declension adjective modifies a 3rd declension noun: magnus leo.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
The irregular verb sum, esse, is Latin's most important verb (not to mention the most common word in the entire language). But it's irregular, and that's a problem, right? Not if you understand how it got its irregularities. This video gives a good understanding of how sum, esse, works in the wild, and how it got its unusual forms.
active voice indicative mood introduction irregular verbs verbs
What's the passive voice, and why would you even want to use it? After all, Microsoft Word thinks it's bad. This video covers how English uses the passive voice, from converting active sentences into passive ones, and when the passive should be used (hint: moderately).
background passive voice verbs
I, me, you, we, us, all of these are personal pronouns, and Latin has different forms for these words depending on how they are used in the sentence. Yes, the pronoun is declined too. But don't worry, the forms of ego, tu, nos, and vos aren't so different from each other.
cases feminine introduction masculine neuter nouns
Everyone hates them, but you can't do the Latin verb without them - they are the principal parts. Sure, it seems like there is no pattern to these verbs, but there are some trends that carry across all verbs. Watch this video for more insight, but unfortunately there's no shortcut to just memorizing them for each verb until you get the hang of them. This video covers textbooks which have the fourth principal part as the perfect passive participle.
background introduction verbs
Ablative absolutes are a peculiar and unique use of the ablative case, not necessarily found in English today. With this video watched (or after this video is watched), you will be able to understand and translate ablative absolutes into properly-sounding, modern English.
adjectives cases nouns participles verbs