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Synchysis (Synchesis, Synchisis) is the disarrangement of words, often in A-B-A-B order. Latin can do this because cases matter far more than word order. Synchysis is similar to chiasmus (A-B-B-A order), and often the two are confused on tests. Oh, and never underestimate the power of the Golden Line.
figures of speech
The third rule of Latin grammar is that some adjectives describe just part of their noun. These adjectives are primarily superlatives, like summus or ultimus, but also include medius, ceterus, and reliquus. It's best to translate them with "of" or "part of".
91 rules of grammar adjectives
The word septentriones is an interesting Latin word for "the north". Caesar often uses this word. It's origins are unclear, and we learn from Varro that it relates to the seven stars of the Big Dipper, which the Romans referred to as the Seven Oxen.
The second rule of Latin grammar is that adjectives will agree with the nouns they describe in case, number, and gender. But this rule can lead to some interesting situations, and allows for great flexibility in Latin word order. From here comes some of the great beauty of poetry.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
After the Trojans have discovered a wooden horse on the beach, Laocoon runs down from Troy and issues stern warnings about trusting the horse and the Greeks. Check out aeneid.co for more videos on the Aeneid!
The first rule of Latin grammar is that two nouns that refer to the same thing are going to be in the same case. This is called apposition, and it's commonly used with names and titles (like king). This video explores how Latin uses apposition.
91 rules of grammar nouns
There is a set of adjectives in the first and second declension that doesn't quite follow the standard set of rules. We call these pronominal adjectives, because they function more like pronouns than describers. But you can refer to them as the Naughty Nine, or with the mnemonic UNUS NAUTA.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
Starting next week, I will be releasing a new series called "91 Rules", in which I will review the most basic and essential parts of Latin grammar. Stay tuned!
91 rules of grammar
Hexameter is the metrical pattern used by many ancient poets. It consists of combinations of long and short syllables, and my website at hexameter.co does a great job of helping practice your ability to identify these long and short syllables. And in the summer of 2018, I did a massive overhaul of the site, adding many new verses and awesome features to make hexameter.co a worthwhile tool! If you subscribe to hexameter.co before the end of August, 2018, please use coupon code HEX2018 to receive 20% your yearly subscription.
I do more than post videos. This video looks at a website in my suite of digital offerings at aeneid.co. This helps you read Vergil's Aeneid in the original Latin with videos, strong vocabulary tools, and more. The entire AP Latin and GCSE Latin syllabi are covered with videos. And, until the end of August, 2018, use coupon code AENEID2018 and get 20% off your subscription.