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A Roman legion consisted of around 5,000 soldiers at full strength, and it was one of the basic organizational units of the Roman army. This video discusses the origin of the word itself and how the legion developed over time.
The noun coniunx means spouse, and is used for both the male and female component of a marriage, although it’s more frequently used for wife than husband, and it’s perfectly acceptable to translate this as wife or husband, whichever one is best given the context. This video discusses the origin of the word.
The suovetaurilia is traditional triple sacrifice to the god Mars and done to purify land, where a pig, sheep, and bull were sacrificed. This video discusses its origin and role in Roman culture. Edit: Corrected long marks.
The participle in Latin is exceptionally important, even more so than it is in English. This video reviews the four participles of a standard verb: the present active, perfect passive, future active, and future passive (the gerundive), along with discussing how deponent verbs form their four participles.
active voice adjectives participles passive voice verbs
In ancient Rome, insulae were shoddy apartment buildings built for the urban poor, often with 6 or 7 units inside each three story structure. What were they made of, and how many were there in Rome?
The perfect passive participle is the fourth principal part of the Latin verb. This video covers the formation and use of Latin's past participle, with only one bad joke about James Bond's martinis.
adjectives participles passive voice verbs
What is the longest word in classical Latin? It's from Aulus Gellius' Attic Nights, an means "an ultra critical person", but with more letters!
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was the Roman hero of the Second Punic War, defeating Hannibal Barca at the battle of Zama in 202 BC. The Romans connected the name Scipio with words referring to lightning and ruling, since the Scipios were born rulers.
The relative clause, which is introduced by the pronoun qui, quae, quod (who, which), is likely the most common subordinate clause in all of Latin. It even makes an appearance in the first line of Vergil's Aeneid, and in the first sentence of Caesar's Gallic War. This video gives a introduction to its declension and use in a basic Latin sentence.
In Latin, there are three (and more) different ways to express the simple English word "and". Each of these, et, atque, and -que, show different levels of connectiveness.