Videos > Rule 47: The Ablative of Means/Instrument
We move on from our survey of the separative ablative by looking at the ablative when used as means or instrument. This use originates in the old instrumental case, not found in Latin, so the ablative case is used instead. We translate the ablative of means with a "by" or "with" ("by means of" is literal). In this video, I discuss how the ablative of means differs from the ablative of agent, which is used in similar situations.
Published on April 6, 2020