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The first rule of Latin grammar is that two nouns that refer to the same thing are going to be in the same case. This is called apposition, and it's commonly used with names and titles (like king). This video explores how Latin uses apposition.
91 rules of grammar nouns
There is a set of adjectives in the first and second declension that doesn't quite follow the standard set of rules. We call these pronominal adjectives, because they function more like pronouns than describers. But you can refer to them as the Naughty Nine, or with the mnemonic UNUS NAUTA.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
Starting next week, I will be releasing a new series called "91 Rules", in which I will review the most basic and essential parts of Latin grammar. Stay tuned!
91 rules of grammar
Hexameter is the metrical pattern used by many ancient poets. It consists of combinations of long and short syllables, and my website at hexameter.co does a great job of helping practice your ability to identify these long and short syllables. And in the summer of 2018, I did a massive overhaul of the site, adding many new verses and awesome features to make hexameter.co a worthwhile tool! If you subscribe to hexameter.co before the end of August, 2018, please use coupon code HEX2018 to receive 20% your yearly subscription.
I do more than post videos. This video looks at a website in my suite of digital offerings at aeneid.co. This helps you read Vergil's Aeneid in the original Latin with videos, strong vocabulary tools, and more. The entire AP Latin and GCSE Latin syllabi are covered with videos. And, until the end of August, 2018, use coupon code AENEID2018 and get 20% off your subscription.
Runaway slaves, when captured, were branded with a FUG for fugitivus. But they were also referred to with the colorful term cervus, which means "deer". This brings with it a whole slew of connections, including that with the goddess Diana and the rex Nemorensis.
What's new on this channel for this year? More videos, more updates at hexameter.co and aeneid.co. And, at least for this video, a talking Colosseum.
The ancient Romans didn't create Halloween, but their festival of Lemuria could in some way be connected to our frightful holiday. The Lemuria was the festival where the dead spirits of the household, the lemures, were cleansed by the paterfamilias. And the connections to Halloween don't stop there.
The first simile in the Aeneid compares Neptune as he quells the seas to an orator calming an angry mob. This simile is very important in establishing the struggle between rage, furor, and piety, pietas. For more on Vergil's Aeneid, check out http://www.aeneid.co
The Latin word secundus means "second" (obviously), but it also has meanings that go more in hand with "favorable" or "willing". How did these disparate meanings come about?