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The Latin word secundus means "second" (obviously), but it also has meanings that go more in hand with "favorable" or "willing". How did these disparate meanings come about?
A mappa is a piece of linen used at dinner parties and chariot races alike. In the middle ages, maps were written on linen, hence the modern English derivative of this word.
The noun coniunx means spouse, and is used for both the male and female component of a marriage, although it’s more frequently used for wife than husband, and it’s perfectly acceptable to translate this as wife or husband, whichever one is best given the context. This video discusses the origin of the word.
Spelling the name of the poet of the Aeneid can be a little challenging at first. Is his name spelled with an e or an i? Or maybe both? And why would there be two different versions of his name? In this video, I touch on the reasons why Vergil's name became spelled with an i in place of the e.
Language is messy, and the fact that there is more to talk about with third declension i-stems is evidence of that fact. What if I told you that there were words that *looked* like i-stems, but only had half the forms? Or that (again) *looked* like i-stems, but were actually not i-stems at all? This video covers the rest of what we need to worry about with this interesting part of the third declension.
nouns third declension
The Roman emperor Nero was famous for many depraved deeds, and he also had a high opinion of himself. So naturally, the final words of his own life reflected his narcissistic and dramatic nature.
Julius Caesar is perhaps the most famous pontifex maximus in the history of Rome, although the emperors starting with Augustus also held the position. This title derives its name from the Latin words pons and facere. Literally, the pontifex built both actual bridges in Rome and metaphorical bridges between mankind and the gods.
One of the bits of Latin pronunciation that tends to get my own students is the consonantal i. This video intends to give tips on how to recognize when i is a consonant or a vowel.
We come across an ancient city, and we first think that it might be Troy. But no, it's Carthage, Juno's favorite city. And in fact, we learn that it's the future destruction of Carthage by Rome that provides the impetus for Juno's hatred of Aeneas and the Trojans.
Every year on the Ides of October, the 15th, the Romans performed a very strange religious ritual. Chariot races, sacrifice, Mars, neighborhood competitions - it's very weird and not very well understood. Could there be connections to Troy?