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Classics is the study of the language, literature, arts, history, culture, et cetera, of ancient Greece and Rome. In this video, I look at the origins of the word "classics" and how something that relates to ships came to refer to a field of study.
The second rule of Latin grammar is that adjectives will agree with the nouns they describe in case, number, and gender. But this rule can lead to some interesting situations, and allows for great flexibility in Latin word order. From here comes some of the great beauty of poetry.
91 rules of grammar adjectives nouns
Visit http://www.hexameter.co today! Hexameter.co is a free website that helps you learn how to scan lines of Latin poetry written in dactylic hexameter. Okay, it's way cooler than that sentence makes it seem. The site is adaptive, meaning it works based on your own skill level, and there are even some cool features like a rating, leaderboard, and classrooms for teachers to manage their own students. Go to hexameter.co now, sign up for a free account, and practice your lines of scanning!
A Roman legion consisted of around 5,000 soldiers at full strength, and it was one of the basic organizational units of the Roman army. This video discusses the origin of the word itself and how the legion developed over time.
The suovetaurilia is traditional triple sacrifice to the god Mars and done to purify land, where a pig, sheep, and bull were sacrificed. This video discusses its origin and role in Roman culture. Edit: Corrected long marks.
Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. Often in Latin this is represented with different bits of grammar, like the placement of verbs and nouns. Latin also uses chiasmus with adjective-noun combinations. With chiasmus, what's fair is foul and foul is fair.
culture figures of speech
A litotes is a deliberate understatement. Or should I say, it is not an accidental overstatement. Often litotes will be seen as double negatives, like "not too shabby" or "not bad". In Latin we see this a lot with the word "non". But don't think that a litotes HAS to be a double negative. Robert Frost would suggest otherwise. I hope this video will suffice.
figures of speech
The ancient Romans didn't create Halloween, but their festival of Lemuria could in some way be connected to our frightful holiday. The Lemuria was the festival where the dead spirits of the household, the lemures, were cleansed by the paterfamilias. And the connections to Halloween don't stop there.
The first rule of Latin grammar is that two nouns that refer to the same thing are going to be in the same case. This is called apposition, and it's commonly used with names and titles (like king). This video explores how Latin uses apposition.
91 rules of grammar nouns
Caligula, the great-grandson of Augustus, was the third emperor of Rome. His name actually was Gaius, with Caligula being a nickname he hated later in life. In fact, hate was a common theme of his rule (37-41 AD).