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The Romans gave themselves three names, although their names are a bit different from our typical three names. This video covers the basics of the praenomen, nomen, and cognomen.
The subjunctive mood can be very difficult to understand, even in Latin with its systematic approach to grammar. I try to unravel the mysteries of the subjunctive by comparing it to the other moods. It isn't the imperative (used for commands), nor the indicative (used for facts, or things close to facts). The subjunctive is used for untruths, possibilities, things that aren't quite real (or whose truth has yet to be determined).
subjunctive mood verbs
The third declension has many of the most interesting Latin words. This video covers the declension of third declension nouns in the masculine and feminine genders, how they are translated, and other peculiar features of this fascinating grammatical group.
feminine masculine neuter nouns third declension
The irregular verb sum, esse, is Latin's most important verb (not to mention the most common word in the entire language). But it's irregular, and that's a problem, right? Not if you understand how it got its irregularities. This video gives a good understanding of how sum, esse, works in the wild, and how it got its unusual forms.
active voice indicative mood introduction irregular verbs verbs
The future is easy to understand, and a bit tricky to form, since it has a different approach for first and second conjugation verbs from those of the third and fourth. This video covers the basic formation and translation of verbs in the future tense in Latin.
active voice indicative mood verbs
The second declension is closely related to the first, just with a quick vowel change. This video covers the declension of second declension nouns, how they are translated, and other peculiar features of the o declension.
masculine nouns second declension
Everyone hates them, but you can't do the Latin verb without them - they are the principal parts. Sure, it seems like there is no pattern to these verbs, but there are some trends that carry across all verbs. Watch this video for more insight, but unfortunately there's no shortcut to just memorizing them for each verb until you get the hang of them. This video covers textbooks which have the fourth principal part as the perfect passive participle.
background introduction verbs
Adjectives are always bothersome. We know they describe nouns, but in Latin they take the same case, number, and gender as the noun they modify. This can be easy if the nouns is of the same declension, but a bit more tricky if we cross declensions, where a 1st/2nd declension adjective modifies a 3rd declension noun: magnus leo.
adjectives feminine first declension masculine neuter second declension
The accent in classical Latin is easy to learn once you have mastered the art of syllables. This video not only covers where to put your stress in the word, but also dives deep into the heavy and light bits of syllables.
Ablative absolutes are a peculiar and unique use of the ablative case, not necessarily found in English today. With this video watched (or after this video is watched), you will be able to understand and translate ablative absolutes into properly-sounding, modern English.
adjectives cases nouns participles verbs